Foot Pain

 

Our feet are made up of not only twenty-six bones and thirty-three joints, and more than 100 muscles, but ligaments, tendons, and nerves too.[1] They not only have the responsibility of propelling our legs forward but also act as shock absorbers. As they are tasked with carrying body weight all day long, it is no surprise that they are susceptible to pain. Foot pain can range from mild to chronic, and it is no surprise that a top of foot pain or ball of foot pain can make it difficult to go about your daily activities.[2] Sore and tender areas on your feet are uncomfortable and may inhibit your shoe choices.

This page contains a brief overview of some of the primary causes of pain in the foot, toes or heel.

Bunions

A bunion is a bony swelling at the base of the big toe and along the edge of the foot. They often become more apparent as people grow older, and can affect anyone that wears uncomfortable and poorly-fitting footwear. With this condition, the big toe joint is misaligned, forming a bony bulge while the big toe points towards the other toes[3]. If faced with bunions consider wearing more comfortable shoes, and using insoles, painkillers to ease the discomfort and treat the pain respectively.

Heel pain

If you experience pain in your heel, you could have plantar fasciitis. This is the irritation caused by damage to the tough band of tissue (fascia) that runs through the bottom of the foot connecting the heel bone to the toes.[4] The pain tends to develop gradually and is most painful when you’re getting out of bed in the morning and at the close of the day. You can also experience pain and stiffness at the back of your heel, and this is known as Achilles tendonitis.

When you experience help pain consider; resting your heel, stretching, and wearing comfortable to help relieve the pain.  Learn more about heel pain and how to prevent it.

Blisters and Corns

Ill-fitting shoes can cause friction and excessive pressure on the skin, leading to blisters and corns. Both of these conditions can give rise to pain and discomfort when you stand or walk. Often, blisters will heal naturally in a few days and without any expert medical attention. Wearing more comfortable shoes coupled with the broad range of products available at Scholl can help treat and prevent them from reoccurring. A visit to the podiatrist is required if symptoms persist.

Verrucas and warts

Verrucas and warts appear as small lumps.  Because they develop on the sole of the foot, they can cause pain when you stand up and inadvertently apply pressure.

Most warts can simply be left alone to disappear on their own.  On the other hand, there are several home verruca and wart removal treatment methods.

Ingrowing toenails

Ingrowing toenails occur when one or both sides of a toenail grows over the nail and pierces into the surrounding skin. This is one of the leading causes of big toe pain and can lead to redness, swelling and even infection.

Cut your nails straight across to prevent ingrowing toenails. Should you be faced with this condition consider using a cotton bud to separate the skin from the nail.

Ball of foot pain (metatarsalgia)

Metatarsalgia is the medical term for pain in the ball of the foot or metatarsal. The metatarsal bones connect the toes to the foot.  As a rule of thumb, any activity that could place excessive pressure on the ball of your foot can cause pain including strenuous activities such as running and jumping, poorly-fitting footwear or being overweight. In some cases, ball of foot pain can be the result of a medical condition.[5] Metatarsalgia is a common problem for older people.

Pain On Top of Foot

There are various potential causes for the top of foot pain. The most common cause of pain on top of the foot is from strenuous or high-impact activities like running, jumping, or kicking[2].

Some conditions caused by high-impact activities include[2]:

  • Extensor tendonitis –Tendons along the top of the foot become inflamed and painful.
  • Sinus tarsi syndrome- This condition usually arises from a sprain in the ankle but can also cause pain in the top of the foot as well as around the ankle.
  • Fractures (Broken or cracked bone: Metatarsal bones, are located at the top of the feet. Thus a fracture to these bones can lead to severe pain in the area. Look out for any signs of swelling

Do not let soreness keep you from going about with your daily activities, explore the wide range of Scholl products to help you with your discomfort. This video will offers top tips to help you take good care of your feet.

 

[1] http://www.ouh.nhs.uk/footandankle/information/foot/

[2] http://www.healthline.com/health/pain-on-top-of-the-foot#overview1

[3] http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/foot-pain/pages/introduction.aspx

[4] http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/foot-pain-causes-and-treatments#1

[5] http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/190431.php